The Confederated Tribes does hereby find and declare:

A. The Umatilla Indian Reservation was established as the permanent homeland of the

Confederated Tribes by the Treaty of 1855 between the United States and the Cayuse,

Umatilla and Walla Walla Tribes;

B. That the preservation of the land base of the Confederated Tribes is critical to the vitality of

the economy and sovereignty of the Confederated Tribes;

C. Because of the Federal Allotment Policy and the subsequent transfers of allotted lands, only

one-third (1/3) of the lands within the original Reservation created by the Treaty of 1855

remains in trust status;

D. The Confederated Tribes are dedicated to the policy of restoring lands within the Umatilla

Indian Reservation to trust status and to insuring that those Reservation lands currently in

trust status do not leave trust status upon the death of their current owners;

E. A large portion of trust lands on the Umatilla Indian Reservation are owned by non-member

Indians which deprives the Confederated Tribes from exercising control over its Reservation

in a similar manner as neighboring treaty tribes;

F. The transfer of trust lands by tribal members and other owners of trust lands upon their death

either by devise or descent to persons who are not enrolled members of the Confederated

Tribes is inconsistent with the economic well-being and future prosperity of the Confederated

Tribes;

G. The Confederated Tribes seeks to encourage and consolidate Tribal member ownership of

trust lands on the Umatilla Indian Reservation;

H. Pursuant to Article II of the Confederated Tribes Constitution and By-Laws "The purpose and

powers of the Confederated Tribes shall be, within law, to exercise and protect all existing

and future tribal rights arising from any source whether treaty, federal statute, state statute,

common law, or otherwise; to achieve a maximum degree of self-government in all tribal

affairs; and to protect and promote the interests of the Indians of the Umatilla Indian

Reservation;

I. Pursuant to Article VI, Section 1(b) of the Confederated Tribes' Constitution and By-Laws,

the Board of Trustees has the power to "manage all affairs of the Confederated Tribes,

including the administration of tribal lands, fund, timber and other resources . . .;"

J. Pursuant to Article VI, Section 1(e) of the Confederated Tribes' Constitution and By-Laws,

the Board of Trustees has the power to "exercise any rights and powers heretofore vested in

the Confederated Tribes, but not expressly referred to in this Constitution, or any powers that

may in the future be delegated by any agency of local, state or Federal government."

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